Miscarriage is the loss of a fetus before 20 weeks of pregnancy. Miscarriage is the result of many factors involved in the complex orchestration of pregnancy. These include: genetic factors, environmental factors, endocrine factors, circulatory factors, and immunologic factors. Most of these factors are a result of subtle and subclinical imbalance - undetectable with blood tests and vaginal ultrasound. However, such imbalances are discoverable with the comprehensive knowledge, experience and research of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) in Reproductive Science - of which the principal tools of correction are acupuncture and traditional Chinese herbs.
From the principles TCM, our body must be in an "optimized" state of balance before one can conceive. To maintain a pregnancy, one must maintain the same balance.
But such balance is not as clear as black and white, on and off, or zero and one state. Instead, it is a bell-shaped curve with the highest point on the top as the state of optimal balance. In other words, a woman can and often does get pregnant when she is in a suboptimal state. But, it is this group of pregnancies that are often subject to the greatest chance of miscarriage after becoming pregnant. When the body's condition deviates too far from the optimal balance point, there will be no more pregnancy. The process of maintaining a pregnancy past the 1st trimester is much like driving on a paved country road for 3 months without veering off onto the soft shoulder. Being pregnant with suboptimal balance is much like driving a car with two wheels on the soft unpaved shoulder of a road. If all four wheels get on and stay on the paved road, the pregnancy will go on. But, there is higher chance for all four wheels to slide off onto the unpaved soft shoulder and get stuck, or for the patient to miscarry.
A woman, who experiences miscarriage, loses Qi (vital energy) and Blood according to TCM as well as fetus, meaning that a miscarriage is as draining to a woman¡¯s energy as labor. Indeed there is a saying that proclaims ¡®a miscarriage is more serious than labor¡¯. If a proper treatment is not made after miscarriage, imbalanced condition can be aggravated so making her more difficult to get pregnant. With recurrent miscarriages, a woman can lose her hope and sometimes cannot overcome fear and depression that she may be unable to reach to 40th week of pregnancy. Actually this kind of emotional strain can aggravate imbalanced condition of body. Therefore, treatment plans for miscarriage in TCM include:
1. Recovery from losses of Qi and Blood due to recent miscarriage
2. Distress and relief of emotional strain
3. Correction of pre-existing imbalance of body
These purposes can be achieved well by acupuncture and/or Chinese herbs. Even though once pregnancy is achieved, continuous treatments by acupuncture and herbs up to 12th week of pregnancy can help a woman to prevent miscarriage.